Startling statistics 1
"Latina girls have the highest incidence of depression among any other ethnic or racial group in the female adolescent demographic, and this has translated into an elevated rate of suicide," explains clinical psychologist Dr. Karen Caraballo. In fact, it's the third leading cause of death for Hispanic girls between ages 10-14, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
It's important for parents to be aware of the signs early and seek professional help for their child, "because untreated depression can worsen, last months to years … and can lead to suicide," Dr. Caraballo adds.
Duration of Sadness 2
While it’s normal for a kid to feel sad if they’re experiencing changes like moving to a new city or new school, their parents separate or divorce, or there’s an illness in the family. But if the sadness persists for more than two weeks and interferes with schoolwork, social activities, hobbies or special interests, it may indicate the child has clinical depression, says Dr. Caraballo. "It’s depression when the sadness and mood changes become overwhelming, involve physical symptoms, and last for long periods of time,” she adds. "And it keeps the child or teen from leading a normal life."
Changes in Behavior 3
While symptoms of depression in children vary, some common signs include changes in appetite, whether it’s increased or decreased. Due to those changes a child can experience weight loss or put on some pounds. If your child is sleeping too much or too little, has vocal outburst or crying, trouble concentrating, thinking or making decisions, or experiences high levels of fatigue or loss of energy, it could be more than the common adolescent blues. “Social withdrawal within the family or friends context is often a really early sign,” Dr. Roberto Blanco, child psychiatrist and assistant professor of psychiatry at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, says.
Suicidal tendencies 5
If your child has a preoccupation with death or suicide in conversations, drawings, or writing, it may be a cause for concern. If they’re displaying hostile behavior, giving away his or her belongings, or making suicidal statements publicly via social media or a letter, for example, “these signs should be taken seriously and parents should seek professional help immediately,” Dr. Caraballo advises.
High Risk Activities 6
"All depression symptoms are serious but behaviors that require immediate intervention include: engaging in high-risk activities like drug use and sex, self mutilation like cutting and burning, and suicidal ideation like discussing plans to hurt themselves,” Dr. Caraballo says. Furthermore, Dr. Blanco adds that "collecting medication, knives, hazardous chemicals and severe social isolation or writing goodbye notes to family and friends," are very concerning signs of depression and suicide.
Cultural Nuances 7
Discovering who you are as a teen is hard enough, imagine being a child or teenager from another country trying to fit into their new surroundings. "Compared to documented adolescents, undocumented adolescents were at greater risk of anxiety, and children in mixed-status families were at greater risk of anxiety and marginally greater risk of depressive symptoms," Dr. Caraballo explains. Furthermore, a large majority of Latino youth from immigrant households come from cultural backgrounds where it’s unheard of to ask for help outside of the family or seek mental health services. The stigma and fear of being labeled as "loca" and "enferma mental" is real.